ADD/ADHD in the Classroom


Their thoughts do not seem to stop, and neither do their little bodies.  They  seem to keep on going, with an endless amount of energy.  Moving from one activity to another, when they can.  I am refering to children who have Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD/ADHD).  These students tend to have difficulty staying focused on anything for more than a few minutes, and they need constant attention.  They will aimlessly move around the classroom, and wiggle or squirm around in their seats when they have been sitting for too long, or aren’t directed. Why? Because it’s their nature to do so..  Talking out of turn, interrupting others, and being a disruptive distraction is not uncommon for them.  

Children with Attention Deficit Disorder have a tendency toward being disorganized, and leave trails of unfinished projects lying around.  Though they are most often, highly intelligent, have great imaginations, and leadership qualities; these bright beings tend to be their own worst enemy in school.  They’ll typically follow their whims, generate havoc, and create mischief.  Yes, these mindful, creative individuals often do get into trouble.  

Perhaps this may sound familiar to you.  Perhaps, you know of a child who has ADD/ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyper Disorder).

The thoughts of kids with ADD/ADHD are created in hyper-power mode, and at times it is difficult to stop them, once they’re on a course.  They may seem to  grasp the jest of a lesson very quickly, or so they lead you to believe; but they wade through their classwork based on their own assumptions of what  they’re suppose to do, and commonly do not complete their work.  Often they do not fully understand what they need to do to accomplish their assignment successfully.  They have difficulty following instructions, and tend to be highly disorganized, and absent minded.  I have found that when I teach these students it is important to create goals, and follow though in keeping them; I do so by first teaching them how to create micro goals. For example, take out my folder, find a pencil, take out my planner and spend 3 minutes reviewing it, locate my classwork, spend 2 minutes organizing, answer the first question, and so on.  Once they begin to understand, create, and follow through with micro goals, they will begin to feel a sense of  accomplishment.   

These students  cannot stay focused on a conversation, let alone a class lecture or class discussion.  They simply cannot sit calmly focused on one topic for too long a period. They might be the class comedians, or the class social networkers, or they may even be the silent jesters.   Having ADD/ADHD does not always mean that a child will be an extrovert.  A child with ADD/ADHD could be an introvert, who finds distraction in creating covert mischief.  Funny as it may seem, these students can be very exhausting, for the teacher.  They endlessly need to be redirected and overseen, to make sure that they stay on task.  They are easily bored with mundane academics, and require diversity in classwork.  What is the best approach for these kids? Diversify. 

Whatever the scenario may be, these children have difficulty, emotionally controlling their distracting thoughts, and so they need to be in constant motion. Engaging in activities which involve kinesthetic movement as well as diversity can be a positive approach toward helping these children stay focused.  They noticeably thrive on a balanced menu of diversification, in how they are taught.  Lesson activities should be altered every twenty minutes or so, to guide them to stay tuned in.   One of many great ways to help kids refocus is through kinesthetic activities.  By facilitating interactive games that challenge students energetically, and keep their minds busy with memorable details, distractive students are more apt to pay attention.  Create enthusiasm for what you are teaching. Rotate a lesson to a later time in the day, and teach subject matte in shorter spurts.  Doing so, may lead to productive learning results.  When teachers diversify their lessons-shake it up a bit- kids seem to stay engaged and able to maintain more focused while lessons are being taught. 

A good habit to practice is to let students know how long they need to stay on a task-a lesson’s duration; and then stick close to that time frame.  Being consistent and time conscious teaches your students to understand and develop a respect for time frames, and gives them a sense of stability.  They will develop an enhanced awareness about the importance of staying on task if they know that you will stick to the structure of your time frame.   Inadvertently, they will understand that they need to remain absorbed in their activity for that duration of time.       

I have observed that children with ADD/ADHD  have a tremendous desire for attention, and my approach for connecting with these kids is to help them feel successful. Acknowledgement should be given, when they succeed at accomplishing a goal.  Reinforce their effort by congratulating them for their accomplishment.  Their reward will be in knowing that they did it.  Guide them to attain goals that are realistic.  Give them a task with guidelines to adhere to; however, let them know that you are open to suggestions and to to their ideas.  Utilizing their ideas will positively promote them to support their potential for facilitating, and accomplishing their goals successfully, and they will come to an understanding that they can succeed.


2 responses »

  1. Pingback: Mental Disorders 101

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